A wood fire brings atmosphere and warmth into your home. There are various types of wood suitable for use in your wood fire or wood-burning stove. If you use suitable firewood to light the fire, you will not only enjoy warmth and atmosphere, but also stoke the fire efficiently, cleanly and safely. It is therefore very important to know which kind of wood is suitable for the stove. In this blog, we will tell you about:

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Choosing the right firewood is important

Every type of wood is different and therefore every type of wood burns differently. Choosing the right kind of wood for your wood fire will help you burn more efficiently, as you will need less wood to reach the desired temperature. Choosing the right firewood also contributes to cleaner combustion, you emit less particulate matter and you burn safely.
It is therefore very important to choose the right wood to use as firewood for your fire. In fact, if you do not choose the right firewood, this will have negative consequences such as a lot of smoke and pollution. This is not only harmful to nature, but also to the people who inhale the fumes.
Wood-burning stoves are seen as environmental polluters. Therefore, is it still responsible to buy a wood stove? Find out about the future of wood fires in our blog!

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What type of wood is best for a wood fire?

Each type of wood has specific properties. For this reason, some wood burns better, cleaner or safer than others. In all cases, resin-free wood is preferable to use as firewood. Resin burns quickly and creates deposits and sparks. This is something you want to avoid the most when firing a wood fire.

Deciduous trees generally contain the least resin and are therefore often a suitable type of wood for your stove. We explain which types of wood are suitable for wood fires and their firing characteristics:

Achieve a long burn time with beech or ash wood

Beech wood and ash wood are perfectly suited for use in a fire. These wood species dry relatively quickly and are common in the Netherlands, so they are generally readily available. Beech and ash wood have a long burning time and good heat output. In addition, you will enjoy beautiful, clear flames. If you fire with beech or ash wood, you create a lot of heat and achieve high efficiency. Because of their properties, these types of wood are especially suitable for the somewhat larger wood-burning stoves.

A quick fire with alder wood

Alder wood is a light wood species that burns well. Like beech and ash, alder gives off a lot of heat and burns cleanly provided you use well-dried and untreated wood. Alder burns up faster than other types of wood. Firing this type of wood therefore achieves lower efficiency.

Oak; for experienced stokers

Oak is a very suitable wood species for firing, provided you have some firing experience. This type of wood does not ignite as easily, but once it burns you will enjoy the warmth for a long time. Oak gives a lively flame pattern and is a clean wood species.
A disadvantage of oak is that it needs to dry for a relatively long time. Our advice is to store oak wood uncovered for two years and then dry it for another two years. After that, it is very valuable firewood that you will enjoy.

The cleanest combustion is achieved with birch wood

Birch wood is soft wood and produces a beautiful fire. A special characteristic of birch wood is that it burns very cleanly and causes the least amount of pollution. Birch wood is easy to light because the bark quickly catches fire. However, because the wood is softer, birch wood does not burn as long as a hard wood such as beech. Another advantage of birch wood is that it hardly sparks, if at all. So it is very safe!

Stoking with wood from fruit trees

Wood from fruit trees is good firewood, but not always available. However, fruit wood contains many small, gnarled logs. It is difficult to split and needs a long time to dry. Once dried, fruit wood gives a nice and calm fire.

Firing with prunings? You can!

Prunings make an excellent fuel for your fire or stove. However, not every type of prunings is suitable as firewood. Prunings of suitable wood species can be used in the fire without any problems and are mainly suitable for starting a fire. Just make sure that the prunings are sufficiently dry before you light them. The drying time of the wood depends on the wood species and conditions.

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These types of wood are NOT suitable for burning

Using the wrong type of wood to light a fire has negative effects on both the efficiency and safety of stoking, but the biggest disadvantage of using the wrong type of wood is the effect it has on your health and the environment. Therefore, be careful when using the following types of wood as firewood in the fireplace.

Crackling fire; coniferous or spruce wood is not suitable as the main fuel

The bark of softwood and spruce wood contains a lot of resin, which can cause pollution in the fireplace or chimney. These types of wood are therefore not a suitable main fuel for your wood-burning fireplace or wood-burning stove. Softwood and spruce wood, on the other hand, are suitable for use in a well-burning fire. We do not recommend burning softwood or spruce wood in a fireplace because of the splashing.

Poplar and maple wood spread an unpleasant odour

Although both poplar and maple wood both burn well, they are not suitable for lighting a fire. Poplar wood gives off a nasty smell when burnt. Maple wood gives off a sharp, pungent smell when burnt.

Azobé wood for the stove

We are increasingly being asked whether Azobé wood can also be used in a wood-burning stove. Azobé is a sustainable hardwood species. This type of wood is widely used in the wood processing of heavy constructions because it is so sturdy and wear-resistant. Residual parts are often offered as blocks for firing. We do not recommend burning azobé wood in the stove! Because this wood is so hard and sturdy, much more energy / heat is released during combustion than from wood from deciduous trees. The temperature in your wood-burning stove can therefore rise to such an extent with the danger that your fireplace will start to melt.

A safe and clean fire? Here's what you need to consider!

Not only the type of wood affects the fire's performance, but also the quality of the wood and your behaviour as a stoker are very important. Want to make sure you stoke cleanly and safely? Here is what you need to bear in mind!

Use untreated wood

When burning treated wood, harmful substances are released which can be dangerous for you and your environment. It also causes more deposits in your stove or wood fire and in the flue. If you burn treated wood, such as painted or varnished wood, you create a polluting and unsafe situation. Whatever type of wood you use, make sure it is always untreated.

Make sure the wood is well dried

Wet wood does not burn efficiently and cleanly, so always use dried wood. Do you doubt whether the wood has dried properly? Then check the moisture percentage with a special moisture meter. An ideal moisture percentage is between 12% and 15%.

Check your heating behaviour

The right wood alone is not enough. Your behaviour as a burner is also very important if you want to heat your home safely and cleanly. We recommend heating according to the Swiss method. We explain exactly how to do this in the blog we wrote about heating wood.

This is how you fire cleanly and safely

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Do you have any questions for us?

After this article, do you know which type of wood is suitable for your wood fire? If you still have questions, contact us or visit a dealer and see our wood fires directly!

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